It has been observed that science and technology (S&T) policies have not been a critical
determinant of national development performance in Nigeria. Also, that Nigeria has not fully
realized its national objectives of S&T-driven rapid industrialization and development. It is in
recognition of this fact that this paper is intended to stimulate discussion and recommendations
related to why have science and technology education failed in its industrialization cum
economic development objectives? Through extensive review of literatures, the paper recognizes
that all is not well within science and technology education and that there are concerns related to
its vision, its philosophy, its research, its approach, its teaching methodology and most definitely
its way of meeting needs. It therefore recognizes that science and technology education must do
more than simply pay ‘lip service’ to industrialization for sustainable development and must
focus learning on issues of relevance facing society. In order to reduce poverty and to achieve
equitable and sustainable development, we have to develop industries that provide increased
employment opportunities for all citizens. Therefore, the development of labor- intensive
industries ought to be a central theme of development economics and a central focus of
development policies. As a result of this, the paper identified some strategies for restructuring
science and technology education in achieving 2030 education agenda for industrialization and
sustainable development.

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